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Diabetes. Diabetes is a long-term condition in which the blood sugar level in the body is higher than normal.

Type 1 diabetes. Where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin.

Type 2 diabetes. Where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.

Causes of diabetes. The amount of sugar in the blood is controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas (located in a gland behind the stomach).

When we eat the food is digested and enters the bloodstream, insulin moves glucose out of the blood and into cells, where it’s broken down to produce energy.

Diabetes sufferers are unable to break down glucose into energy. This is because there’s either not enough insulin to move the glucose, or the insulin produced doesn’t work properly.

Although there are no lifestyle changes you can make to lower your risk of type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is often linked patients being overweight and having a sedentary lifestyle.

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