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Table Tennis Rules & Injuries

picture of a table tennis table


Table tennis is a game like lawn tennis that is played on a table.  There are singles (men and women), doubles and mixed doubles tournaments. Players use a small wooden, rubber-coated bat (also known as a paddle) to propel a small hollow ball over a net strung across the table.  The table is 9ft/2.7m by 5ft/1.52m and 76cm/2.5ft above the floor.

The aim of the game is simple; hit the ball on the server’s side of the table, the ball bounces over the net onto your opponent’s side of the table.  You win the point if your opponent is unable to return the ball to your side of the table (e.g. they miss the ball or they hit the ball but it misses your side of the table, or the ball hits the net on their side.

Some Definitions

A rally – A rally is the period during which the ball is in play.

In play – The ball is in play from the last moment at which it is stationary on the palm of the free hand before being intentionally projected in service until the rally is decided as a let or a point.

A let – A let is a rally of which the result is not scored.

A point – A point is a rally of which the result is scored.

Racket hand 5 – The racket hand is the hand carrying the racket.

Free hand – The free hand is the hand not carrying the racket; the free arm is the arm of the free hand.

Strike – A player strikes the ball if he touches it in play with his racket, held in the hand, or with his racket hand below the wrist.

Obstruction – When a player obstructs the ball by anything he wears or carries, touches it in play when it is above or travelling towards the playing surface, not having touched his court since last being struck by his opponent.

Server – The server is the player that strikes the ball first in a rally.

Receiver – The receiver is the player who strikes the ball second in the rally.

Resting position – When serving with the ball must rest freely on the open palm of the server’s stationary free hand.

Strike – As the ball is falling the server must strike it so that it touches his side of the court then touch the receiver’s court (in doubles, the ball must touch the right half court of server and receiver.

Table Tennis Injuries

  • Trigger Points
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ganglion
  • Tennis Elbow
  • Osteoarthritis of the wrist/thumb
  • Rotator Cuff Tear
  • Never impingement (neck/Shoulder)
  • Adductor tear/strain
  • Ankle sprain

If you suffer from any of these injuries then please come to Therapyroom1 today and we can diagnose and provide the right treatment you need. Call 01522 511834 now.

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