Cricket…Structure of the Game
The aim of the batting team is to score as many runs as possible while the aim of the fielding team is to bowl ten people out and close the batting teams’ innings. Once the first team has been bowled out the second team would then go into bat. Once the second team is then bowled out it would normally return to the first team batting again.
However, there is an exception to this in the cricket rules called the follow-on. The follow-on is when the first team makes at least 200 runs more than the second team made (this is in a 5-day test match). The first team has the option to make the second team bat again. This is particularly useful if the game is slow or affected by bad weather where there might not be enough time for both teams to play a full innings.
If this be the case the batting team’s captain also has the right to forfeit their innings this is called a declaration.
Ways to score runs;
The aim of the batsmen is to score runs.
For batsmen to score runs they must run to other team player’s end of the pitch and in doing this one run is scored. Cricketers may also run multiple runs per shot.
As well as running they can also score runs by hitting boundaries scoring either 4 or 6 runs. A four is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary after it has hit the ground whilst a six is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary without it hitting the ground. Cricket rules also state that once a 4 or 6 has been scored any runs physically ran by the batsman are cancelled.
Runs can also be scored other ways i.e. no balls, wide balls, byes & leg byes.
A “No Ball” can be declared for many reasons:
- If the bowler bowls the ball from the wrong place.
- The ball is declared dangerous (often happens when bowled at the batsmen’s body on the full).
- Bounces more than twice or rolls before reaching the batsman.
- If fielders are standing in illegal positions.
The batsman can hit a no ball and score runs off it but cannot be out from a no ball except
- If they are ran out.
- Hit the ball twice.
- Handle the ball or obstruct the field.
- The batsman gains any runs scored off the no ball for his shot while the team also gains one run for the no ball itself.
A “Wide Ball” will be declared if the umpire thinks the batsman did not have a reasonable opportunity to score off the delivery. However if the delivery was bowled over the batsmen’s head then it’s will not be declared a wide but a no ball.
A “Bye” is when a ball that isn’t a no ball or wide passes the striking batsman and runs are then scored without the batsman actually hitting the ball.
A “Leg Bye” is when runs are scored by hitting the batsman, but not the actual bat and the ball is not a no ball or wide. However no runs can be scored if the striking batsman didn’t attempt to play a shot or if he was avoiding the ball.
Batsmen can be given out according to cricket rules
- Leg Before Wicket (LBW)
- Run Out
- Hit Wicket
- Handled The Ball
- Hit The Ball Twice
- Obstructing The Field